八年级英语上Unit3 SectionB (2d---Self Check) 第四课时导学案

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【学习目标】

一、复习形容词和副词的比较级

二、谈论你对交朋友的观点以及你与朋友的不同之处

三、运用范文进行写作训练

【课前预习】一、新词自测:读写单词并熟记下列短语,看谁记得快

  1.小学生                 2.和....相似           

3.分享                   4.善待          

  5.更多信息               6.更友好          

二、通过预习,完成对话

A: Who’s that?

B:That’s Sam. He’s my good friend.

A:Why do you like him? He looks 1.                       (他看上去很严肃)。

B:Because in some way she 2.                        me.(他和我相似。) We 3. 

              tall, and we 4.                 P.E.(我们两个都很高,我们都喜欢体育)

A:Do you have many differences?

B:Yes,I 5.                       Than him, and he is 6.              than me.(他比我外向,他比我严肃。)He 7.                     me.(他比我学习更努力。)

【课堂导学】

  1. My best friend is similar to Larry because she’s less hard-orking than me.我最好的朋友和拉里相似,因为她不如我学习刻苦。

短语一 be similar to “和……相似”。

·This game will be similar to life in a few ways.这个游戏中的有地方将会与生活相似。

  1. all the English Study Center at 443-5667 for more information.请拨打英语学习中心的电话443-5667咨询更多的信息。

单词一 information 信息;消息

Information 是不可数名词,表示“一些信息”用some information。

·People can get lots of information from the Internet.人们能从网络上获得一些信息。

3.总结:形容词比较级的用法

1.双方比较,表示一方超过另一方时,用“比较级+than”结构表示,意为“比……”。如:This bike is better than that one.这辆自行车比那辆好。

2.表示一方不如另一方时,用“less+原级+than”结构表示,意为“……不如……”。如:This room is less beautiful than that one .这个房间不如那个房间漂亮。

3.表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时,可在比较级前加表示程度的状语。如:even, a lot, a bit, a little , still, much, far , yet, by far等。如:The weather is even worse than yesterday.天气比昨天更糟糕了。

4.表示一方随另一方的程度而变化时,用“the +比较级(主语+谓语),the +比较级(主语+谓语)”结构,如:The harder he works, the happier he feels.他工作越努力,感到越快乐。

5.不与其他事物相比,表示本身程度的改变时,用“比较级+and+比较级”的结构,意为“越来越……”。如:The weather is getting hotter and hotter.天气越来越热了。

The girl becomes more and more beautiful.这个女孩变得越来越漂亮了。

6.在比较从句中,为避免重复,常用that(those),one(ones)代替前面出现的词。如:The book on the chair is more interesting than that on the desk.椅子上那本书比桌子上那本有趣。

7.表示两者在某一方面相同时用“as+形容词或副词原形+as“的句型。如:I think English is as important as math.我认为英语和数学一样重要。

Tom runs as fast as jack.汤姆跑地和杰克一样快。

8.表示一方在某一方面不及另一方时用“not as /so+形容词或副词原形+as”的句型。如:It is not as/so warm today as yesterday.今天不如昨天暖和。

【课堂练习】一、根据句意及首字母提示完成单词

1.My little brother is eight years old,and he is a p       school student.

2.Please speak l         to let everyone hear clearly.

3.Can you give me any          (信息) about the exam?

4.It’s n        to have a healthy lifestyle.

5.His bag is        (相似) to mine.

二、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. My bike is ___________ (new), but hers is __________(new) than mine.

2.Miss Gao isn’t as ______ (fat) as Miss Green.

3.---Who is ___________ (heavy), Liuli or LiuYing?

---Liu Ying is __________( thin) than Liu Li.

4.My English teacher is much______ (fun) than my math teacher.

5.Miss Yang is _________ (calm) than Miss Li.

三、单项选择

1.Tina is about three centimeters(厘米)________than Tara.

  1. tall  B. long  C. taller  D. longer

2.__________ come from Canada.

A. They both   B. Both they  C. Both them  D. Them both

3. --In your English study reading is more important than speaking , I think.

--I don’t agree. Speaking is _______reading.

A. as important as B. so important as  C. more important D. the same as

4. Jim likes sports. He is ________than his brother.

A. quieter B. quiet C. athletic  D. more athletic

5. When the little boy______ some one coming upstairs, he stopped________.

A. hears; to cry  B. listened; crying C. heard; crying D. listened; to cry

6. His words make me________    

A. angrily  B. anger  C. angry  D. angrier

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