八年级上册英语Unit 1 Section A (1a -2d) 第一课时导学案

所属栏目: 八年级上册 次浏览

【学习目标】:

1进一步学习一般过去时态的用法,能正确运用“Where did you go on vacation?”来谈论过去的事件。

2. 重点掌握一般过去时特殊疑问句的构成及用法。(重点)

3. 掌握复合不定代词anyone及不定副词anywhere的用法。(重点)

【课前预习】 一.新词自测:读写单词及短语并熟记,看谁记得快

1.任何人  ________              2.任何地方     _______

3.极好的;精彩的. _______        4.不多,很少 _______

5.相当多_____________           6.最多 ______________

7.看望我叔叔 _____________________     8.参观博物馆_________________

二.通过预习1a -2d ,完成下列对话

A: What did you do last weekend?

B: Well , on Saturday moring ,I played badminton .What about you ?1___________________(你去哪里了?)

A: I went to the Mount Tai for vacation .

B:2._____________________(你和谁去的?)

A: I went with my parents.

【课堂导学】

1.--- Where did you go on vacation?  你去哪里度假了?

--- I went to the beach. 我去了海滩

Where did + 其他? 句中Where对地点提问

go on vacation= take a vacation

2、   Did you buy anything special?

buy anthing special买特别的东西。(P2)

1)buy及物动词,意为“买;购买”。其过去式为______。   

I takes a lot of money_____ _____a house.买一座房子要花一大笔钱。

拓展:buy sth. for sb.=buy sb. sth.意为“给某人买某物”。

My uncle_____ _____a bike.= My uncle_____ _____for me.

2)anything不定代词,意为“某事;某件东西”,主要用于疑问句或否定句中。

a.Do you want anything from me?          b.I can’t say anything about it. 

拓展:anything表示“任何事;任何东西”时,主要用于肯定句。You can ask me anything you want to know.

3) anthing special表示“特别的东西”,形容词修饰不定代词时后置。   

Is there_____ _____in this book?这本书里有新的内容吗?

3.Oh,did you go anywhere interesting?哦,你去有趣的地方了吗?(P2)

1)本句是did开头的一般疑问句   

 2)anywhere用作副词,意为“在任何地方”。eg:Did you go anywhere during the summer vacation?

辨析:anywhere与somewhere  

anywhere意为“在任何地方”,常用于否定句和疑问句中。eg:I can’t find it anywhere.   somewhere意为“在某处;到某处”,常用于肯定句中。eg:I lost my key somewhere near here.

4   take photos意为“照相;拍照”。 eg:We______ ______on the Great Wall.我们在长城上照了相。 辨析:quite a few与quite a little   quite a few意为“相当的;不少”,修饰可数名词复数;quite a little意为“相当的;不少”,修饰不可数名词。

a.He will stay here for _____ _____ _____days.  

b.There is _____ _____ _____water in the bottle(瓶子).

5.I just stayed at home most of the time to read and relax.我大部分时间只是待在家里读书休息。 (P2)  most of the time意为“大部分时间”,其中most为代词,意为“大部分;大多数;大体上”。

拓展:most of…意为“……中的大多数”,它作主语时,谓语动词取决于most of后所修饰的名词。

a. Most of us_____(be)going to the park.我们大多数人要去公园。

b. Most of the food_____(go)bad.大部分的食物都变质了。

【课堂练习】  一、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. I didn’t find ______ ( someone ) there. 

2. Is there _______( something ) important in today’s newspaper?

3. Look! There is _______ ( anybody ) at home. The light is on.

4. Amy _______ ( meet ) a famous actor yesterday. 

5. Most of students ______ (want ) to play games on weekends.

6. Miss Green ________ ( come ) to China in 2008.

7. Little Tom _______ ( be ) here a moment ago.

8. She _________ ( buy ) a new bag yesterday.

二、单项选择 

(     )1. ----_____ you ______ to the movies?    ----  Yes, I did. 

A. Did   went         B. Did  go         C. Are  went

(     )2. ----- How was your weekend?   ------ Great! We _______ a picnic in the park.

A. have               B. has             C. had 

(     )3. Mrs Green with her little daughter _______ at home ______ that rainy night.

A. was  on            B. were  on         C. was  at

(     )4. --- Who told you to clean the windows?          ---Miss Wang ______ 

A. told                B. did               C. has told

(     )5. ---- Do you always _______ to the zoo?          ----- Yes, I ______ yesterday. 

A. go  go              B. go  went          C. went  go

(     )6. ---- ______ there any koalas in the zoo last year?          ---- No, there ______.  A. Are  aren’t          B. Were  wasn’t        C. Were  weren’t

(     )7.----- Did you go with ______?         ------ Yes, I did. 

A. someone            B. anyone            C. somebody

无需登陆复制粘贴下载即可
喜欢 ()or分享