八年级上册英语Unit 1 Section A(Grammar Focus –3c) 第二课时导学案

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【学习目标】:

一.掌握不定代词someone ,nothing, everything的用法。(重点)

二.重点掌握一般过去时的一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的用法。(重点)

【课前预习】

一.   根据提示写出下列词汇

  1. some-thing _________ 2. no-thing  3.every-one _________4.my-self _______

5.your-self __________ 6. bore (形容词) __________

二.通过预习Grammar Focus –3c,完成下列句型

1.你去哪里度假了?_______ _______ you go on vacation?

 我和我的家人去纽约。I ______ to New York City with my family.

  1. 你和其他人去的吗?______ you go with _______?

   我和我妈妈去的。I______ with my mother.

  1. 你在那里买特别的东西了吗?______ you buy ________special?

我买了一台新相机。I ______ a new ________.

【课堂导学】

  1. Everything tasted really good!所有的东西尝起来真的很好吃!(P3) 

taste在此为系动词,意为“尝起来”,其后接形容词构成系表结构。 

The food tastes really great.食物尝起来棒极了。  

2.Did everyone have a good time?大家都玩得很开心吗?(P3)   

have a good time = enjoy oneself = have fun 玩得开心 (+ doing) . 

3.How did you like it?你觉得它怎么样?(P3) 

How do/did you like…?意为“你觉得……怎么样?”,用来询问对方的观点或看法,相当于 What do you think of…?或How do you feel about…? 

eg:How do you like your new job?  = _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job?                               = _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ your new job?

  1. Did you go shopping? 你们去购物了吗?(P3)

go shopping意为“去购物;去买东西”,同义短语为do some shopping.  

eg:I usually go shopping on Sundays.我通常星期天去购物。=___________________________

拓展:“go+doing”形式表示“去做某事”,常用于表达从事某一体育活动或休闲活动。 

   go climbing去爬山    go skating去滑冰   go hiking去远足  go sightseeing去观光 

5.I went to a friend’s farm in the countryside with my family.我和家人一起去了乡下一个朋友的农场。(P3)

a friend’s farm是名词所有格形式。一般情况下,表示“有生命的人或物”的名词后面加’s,表示所属关系。

拓展:名词所有格的构成:

1)   单数名词词尾加“’s”,复数名词词尾没有s,也要加“’s”:      

  the girl ’s pen女孩的钢笔    women’s shoes女鞋   on Children’s Day

2)复数名词以s结尾的只加“’”:    the students’ reading room学生阅览室    Teachers’s Day教师节

3)如果两个名词并列,并且分别有’s,则表示“分别有”;只后一个名词有一个’s,则表示“共有”:    

John’s and Kate’s rooms约翰和凯特(各自)的房间  

Lily and Lucy’s father莉莉和露西的爸爸

4)表示无生命的名词一般与of构成短语,表示所有关系     

a map of China一幅中国地图    the name of the story那个故事的名字 

6.The only problem was that there was nothing much to do in the evening but read.唯一的问题是晚上除了读书没什么事可做。(P3)             

nothing much to do意为“没什么事可做”。

I have_____ _____ _____ _____this afternoon.今天下午我没什么特殊的事可做。 

拓展:nothing…but…意为“除……之外什么也没有;只有”。but后可接名词或动词原形。 a.I had nothing but a cup of tea this morning.我今天早上只喝了杯茶。

b.I had nothing to do but_______(watch )TV.我无事可做,只有看电视。 

7.Still no one seemed to be bored.(即使这样)仍然没有人看起来无聊。(P3)

1)seem可作不及物动词或系动词,意为“好像;似乎;看来”。eg:Everything seems easy.一切似乎很容易。

拓展:a.seem+adj.“看起来……”。You seem happy today.你今天看起来很高兴。

b.seem+to do sth.“似乎,好像做某事”。  I seem ______(have) a cold.我似乎感冒了。

c.It seems/seemed+从句“看起来好像…;似乎…”。It seems that no one believes you.看起来好像没有人相信你。

d.seem like…“好像,似乎……”。It seems like a good idea.它好像是个好主意。

2)辨析:bored与boring  a. bored意为“厌烦的;感到无聊的”,一般在句中修饰人,作表语 b. boring意为“无聊的;令人厌烦的”,一般在句中修饰事或物,可作表语和定语

eg: a.I’m _____with what he said.我对他说的话厌烦极了。

b.I find the story very_____.我发现这个故事太无聊了。

【课堂练习】

一.   根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词

  1. E___________ is here .Let’s begin our meeting.
  2. There’s s__________ wrong with my bike .
  3. I can’t carry the water by _______(我自己)
  4. That farmer keeps ten _______ .(母鸡)
  5. Help __________(你自己) to some fish ,please.

二.   用方框中所给词的正确形式填空。

 

  1. Did you buy _________ special?
  2. I ________ something for my mother on Women’s Day.
  3. ---How ______ your vacation?  ---It was really great .
  4. On the farm , we ______ some pigs and some hens last weekend.
  5. Jack ________a diary online every day.
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