八年级上册英语Unit 1 Section B(1a -2b ) 第三课时导学案

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【学习目标】:

一.   学习掌握有关评价事物的形容词:

二.   掌握如何谈论过去发生的事件----学习一般过去时的用法。(重点)

【课前预习】

一、   词汇体验吧:将下列词汇或短语译成汉语

  1. building _________ 2. feel like _________3. difference _________

4enough food ___________5. hungry ________6.buy a bicycle _________

7 decide ____________8. because of _________9.wonder__________

二、用适当的疑问词填空

1. A:______ was the weather?      B: It was sunny .

2. A:______ did you go on vacation?    B: I went to the beach.

3.A:______ did you do on vacation?   B: I played tennis on vacation.

4.A:_______did you go there?       B: I went there on Monday.

【课堂导学】

1.What did Lisa say about…?莉萨对……说过什么?(P4) 

say about意为“发表对……的看法”。 

3.I arrived in Penang in Malaysia this morning with my family.今天早上我和家人到达了马来西亚的槟城。(P5)

arrive不及物动词,意为“到达”。arrive in表示到达较大的地方,如国家、省、市等;arrive at表示到达较小的地方,如机场、商店、广场、村庄等。(注:地点副词home,here,there前介词省略)

辨析:arrive at(in) / get to / reach  

4…so we decided to go to the beach near our hotel…….因此我们决定到旅馆附近的海滩上去。

decide及物动词,意为“决定;决心”。decide to do sth.意为“决定去做某事”。 

eg:They _____ ______ ______the museum.他们决定去参观博物馆。 

5.My sister and I tried paragliding.姐姐和我尝试了滑翔伞运动。(P5)   

try此处用作及物动词,其后常接名词、动名词或不定式,意为“尝试;试图,设法;努力”  辨析:try doing sth. / try to do sth.  

eg:1)try doing sth.尝试做某事,表示一种尝试、做做看的想法,不一定付出很多努力。  2)try to do sth.尽力、设法去做某事,表示想尽一切办法要把事情办成,强调付出一定的努力设法去完成。a.I______ ______him,but no one answered.我试着给他打电话了,但没有人接听。   b.I’m ______ ______ ______English well.我正尽力把英语学好。 

6.I felt like I was a bird.It was so exciting!我感觉自己就像一只小鸟。太刺激了!(P5)

1)feel like意为“给……的感觉;感受到”。其后常接从句。  eg:a.I feel like (that)I have never been there before.我感觉我以前从未到过那儿。 b.He feels like he is swimming .他感觉像在游泳一样。

拓展:feel like还可意为“想要……”,其后可接名词、代词或动名词=__________=________。 Do yoou feel like______(take) a walk in the park with me?

7.There are a lot of new buildings now…现在有许多新的建筑物……(P5)

building可数名词,意为“建筑物;楼房”。build动词,“建造,建筑”,过去式_________

 9. walk around意为“四处走走”。

10.What a difference a day makes!一天的变化有多大呀!(P5) 

1)本句是what引导的感叹句,结构为:What+a/an(+adj.)+可数名词单数+主语+谓语!此句式所强调的成分是what后面的名词。what引导的感叹句结构还有What(+adj.)+ 复数名词或不可数名词+主语+谓语! eg:What fun today is!今天多开心呀!    What beautiful flowers they are!多么漂亮的花啊!

2)difference可数名词,意为“差别,差异”,其形容词形式为different,意为“不同的;有差异的”。 a.What is the difference between this book and that book?  b.My schoolbag is different from yours.    (be different from意为“与……不同”) 

11.We wanted to walk up to the top,but then it started raining a little so we decided take the train.(P5)     

1)want to do sth.意为“想要做某事”。

2)start doing sth.意为“开始做某事”,同义短语:start to do sth. 

3)take the train意为“乘火车”,take在此意为“乘坐”。 

12.We waited over an hour for the train because there were too many people.因为人太多,所以我们等了一个多小时的火车。(P5) 

1)wait for意为“等候”,其后可接人或物。 

I’ll wait for you at the door.                        .

2)over介词,意为“多于;超过;在……以上(表示数目、程度)”,相当于more than。  My father is over 40 years old.                   

3)too many意为“太多”,其后接可数名词复数。He always has too many questions to ask me. 辨析:too many,too much与much too 

13.And because of the bad weather,we couldn’t see anything below.而且因为坏天气,我们也没能看到下面的任何景色(P5) 

1)辨析:because of与because   a.because of介词短语,意为“因为,由于”,后可接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。 He lost his job because of his age.   b. because连词,意为“因为”,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因或理由。I didn’t buy the shirt because it was too expensive . 

14.My father didn’t bring enough money…我爸爸没带足够的钱……(P5)

1)辨析:bring与take    bring意为“带来;拿来”,指从别处带到说话者所在地;take意为“拿走;带走”,指从说话者所在地带到别处去。 

2)enough在此作形容词,意为“足够的,充分的”,作定语修饰名词。另外,还可以作副词,意为“足够地,充分地”,用来修饰形容词或副词,一般置于被修饰词之后。  a.We have enough time to do our homework.       b.I know him well enough.我最他足够熟悉。

【课堂练习】

一、   根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词

  1. We were all wet because we didn’t  take an u___________
  2. There are more tall ______(高楼) in our city this year .
  3. Can you give me something to eat ?  I’m very h_________.
  4. My friends is w_______ for me at home now.
  5. ---What does your uncle do ? ---He is a _______(商人).

二、   单项选择

  1. There ______ nothing wrong with your bike .     A.be   B. is   C. are  D. am
  2. She is new here, so we know _______about her.

A.anything  B. something  C. everything  D. nothing

  1. ---Would you like another cup of tea?  ----I had ________. Thanks.

A.little  B. more  C. some   D.enough

  1. Is her skirt the same as yours or _______? What are the ______?

A. difference ; different       B. difference ; difference 

C different ; difference s       D. different ; different

  1. She isn’t ______ to carry the box.

A. enough strong  B. strong enough  C. enough  weak  D. weak enough

  1. I know she ______ a novel . It’s popular now .

A. writing  B. wrote  C. writed  D.written

  1. The food is too ______, so I have too much.
    1. terrible  B. boring  C. delicious  D. expensive

三、用所给词的适当形式填空

1.______ (do) they ______ (buy) anything for your birthday?

2.Who ______(come) to see you last Sunday?

3.There are many _______(different) in the two photos.

4.Lucy tried her best ______(run) quickly and she did well.

5.It was so far from here to the museum, they decided ______(go) there by bus.

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