八年级上册英语Unit 1 Section B (self-check) 第五课时导学案

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【学习目标】

一、复习复合不定代词(由some,any,no,every加上-one,-body,-thing构成的不定代词)    

二、复习一般过去时的规则动词与不规则动词   

【课前预习】

一、词汇体验吧

1、从某地带回______________ 2、如此以至于……_______________

3、为什么不?______________4、跳上跳下________________

5、继续做某事________________6、和你一起去沙滩 ___________________

7、玩得很高兴 ________________8、告诉某人做某事____________________

9、出来__________________ 10、找出;查明____________________________

二、写出下列动词的过去式

1.do ______2. go ______ 3.find _______4. be ______ _______5.have ________6.tell______7.jump________8. forget _______9.look_______10.take _______

【课堂导学】

  1. Why not?为什么不带呀?(P8)  

why not意为“为什么不呢”,一般用在疑问句中,表示提建议;why not后面需跟动词原形。 注:“Why not + 动词原形?” 相当于“Why don’t you+ 动词原形?”       ._____ _____take a walk? =  _____ ______ _____ take a walk?  为什么不去散步

2.Everyone in our class took a bag with some food and water.我们班上的每一个人都随身带了装有食物和水的提袋。(P8)    with介词,意为“具有;带有”。此处介词短语with some food and water作bag的后置定语。   拓展:with作介词时的其他用法:  a.和……在一起,I often go to school ______ my friend.我经常和朋友们一起去上学。 b.以(手段、材料),用(工具), Cut the apple with a knife.用刀切苹果。 

3.My legs were so tired that I wanted to stop.我的双腿太累了以至于我都想停下来。(P8)   so…that…/ such…that…(如此…以致)引导的结果状语从句 

so+adj./adv.+that                              such+a/an+adj.+单数名词+that   拓展:常用的感叹句的结构:      1)What+a/an+adj.+可数名词单数+主语+谓语! 

2)   How+adj./adv. +主语+谓语!  

eg: What an interesting book it is!  =  How interesting a book is! 那本书多么有趣啊!

4.My classmates told me to keep going,so I went on.我的同学告诉我坚持往前走,因此我便继续前进了(P8) 

1)tell sb. (not)to do sth.意为“告诉某人(不要)做某事。    The teacher______ ______ ______ ______the window.老师告诉我们擦窗户。

2)keep doing sth.意为“继续做某事,一直做某事”。  She______ ______TV for two hours last night.昨晚她看了两个小时的电视。

5.Everyone jumped up and down in excitement.大家都兴奋地跳起来。(P8)  

1)jump在此为及物动词,意为“跳跃”。 拓展:与jump相关的短语:  jump into跳入   jump off跳离    jump over跳过     jump out of跳出

2)up and down意为“上上下下;来来往往”,在句中作状语。   They looked me ______ ______ ______他们上上下下打量我。   He walks______ ______ ______the room.他在房间里来回走动。 

6.Twenty minutes later,the sun started to come up.20分钟后,太阳开始升起来了。(P8)  

come up意为“出现;发生”。   It gets hot after the sun has come up.太阳升起后,天气就热了。   Please let me know if anything comes up.如果发生什么事的话,请让我知道。

【课堂练习】

(   )1.He is ____a lovely boy____we love him very much. 

A.such,that       B.too,to              C.as,as           D.so,that

 (   )2. He is ____young____go to school.     

A.such,that       B.too,to              C.as,as           D.so,that

(   )3. He is ____young____he can’t go to school. 

A.such,that       B.too,to              C.as,as           D.so,that

 (   )4. He run____fast____his brother can’t catch up with him. 

A.such,that       B.too,to              C.as,as           D.so,that

 (   )5.I received _____becautiful flowers_____I can’t believe it. 

A.too,to        B. such ,that         C. so,that          D. as,as 

(   )6._____a clever girl she is!           A.Who     B.What      C.How     D.Where (   )7._____important jobs they have done!   A.What   B.Who       C.How     D.Where

(   )8._____sweet water it is!           A.Who     B. What      C.  Where    D. How

(   )9._____interesting the dog is!     A.Who    B. What     C.  Where        D. How

(   )10._____time flies!               A.Who    B. How     C.  Where    D. What

【课后拓展】 句型转换 

1.Lucy played computer games yesterday. ( 改为一般疑问句 )

______ Lucy _____ computer games yesterday?

2.We went to the Palace Museum.  ( 对划线部分提问 )

_______  ______ you ______? 

3.There was someone here just now. ( 改为否定句 ) ___________________________________________ .

4..She played volleyball just now.  ( 改为否定句 )

She _______  ________ volleyball just now.

5.They ate a lot of ice cream.    ( 对划线部分提问 )

________  ________ they ________?

6.My vacation was pretty good.   ( 对划线部分提问 )

________  _______ your vacation?    

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