九年级英语全册重点单词 短语 语法

所属栏目: 九年级 次浏览

  Unit 1

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.大声朗读read aloud

  2.英语口语spoken English

  3.逐字地word by word

  4.词组word group

  5.肢体语言body language

  6.查阅;抬头看look up

  7.大声重复repeat out loud

  8.记笔记take notes

  9.对……有更好的理解have a better understanding of

  10.记日记keep a diary

  11.爱上fall in love with

  12.关键字key words

  13.口语技能speaking skills

  14.和……交谈have conversations with

  15.犯错误make mistakes

  16.使发音正确get the pronunciation right

  17.天生具有be born with

  18.从错误中学习learn from mistakes

  19.注意;关注pay attention to

  20.害怕be afraid of

  21.取决于depend on

  22.把……和……连接或联系起来connect ... with

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:“by+v.-ing”结构详解。

  “by+v.-ing”结构在句子中作方式状语,常用来表示“以、靠、借助、通过、用(某种方法或手段)”而达到某种预期的目的。该结构常用来回答How do you...?之类的问题。

  【拓展】

  ★by和表示交通工具的名词连用时,它与名词之间不用任何限定词,且名词用单数形式。

  They often go to school by subway.他们经常坐地铁上学。

  ★by, in和with都可以表示“通过;借助”。by后接表示动作、行为的名词;in表示“用某 种语言;用某种材料”;with后接表示物体或工具的名词。如:

  You may send the book by post.你可以通过邮局把书寄出去。

  You can write it in English.你可以用英语写。

  He wrote the letter with a pen.他用钢笔写这封信。

  Unit 2

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.泼水节the Water Festival

  2.互相泼水throw water at each other

  3.冲走wash away

  4.以……的形状in the shape of

  5.民间故事folk story

  6.增加(体重);发胖put on

  7.射落shoot down

  8.摆开;布置lay out

  9.赏月admire the moon

  10.与……相似be similar to

  11.喊叫;大声喊call out

  12.飞向fly up to

  13.乔装;打扮dress up

  14.捉弄某人play a trick on sb

  15.警告某人做某事warn sb to do sth

  16.最终成为;最后处于end up

  17.使某人想起某事remind sb of sth

  18.承诺做某事promise to do sth

  19.需要帮助的人people in need

  20.不给糖就捣乱trick or treat

  21.以……招待某人treat sb with sth

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:that,if和whatever引导的宾语从句。

  A.宾语从句中的连接词的选择

  1.由that引导的宾语从句:that在从句中无词义,不作任何成分,常可省略。如:

  Jenny said (that) she could finish her painting before supper. I think (that) you are right.

  2.由if或whether引导的宾语从句:if或whether引导宾语从句时,一般可通用,都 表示“是否”。如:

  I don’t know if / whether she still works there.

  I want to know if / whether there is a hospital in this street.

  但在下列情况下,只能用whether,而不能用if:

  (1)在whether ... or not或whether or not结构中,不能用if。如:

  Nobody knows whether or not it will rain.

  (2)在介词之后用whether。如:

  I’m interested in whether he likes English.

  B.主从句时态的呼应

  当主句是一般现在时态时,从句可用各种时态;

  当主句是一般过去时态时,从句常用过去的某种时态。

  但当从句叙述的是客观事实或一般真理时,即使主句为过去时,宾语从句仍然用一般现在时态。如:

  He said he would spend his holiday in Dalian. Our geography teacher told us that the sun rises in the east.

  Unit 3

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.左转turn left

  2.以……开始start with

  3.在门口at the door

  4.去二楼go to the second floor

  5.路过;经过pass by

  6.寄一封信mail a letter

  7.在左边on the left

  8.礼貌地寻求帮助ask for help politely

  9.在不同的场合in different situations

  10.取决于depend on

  11.与……交流communicate with

  12.直接问题direct questions

  13.引入lead into

  14.地下停车场underground parking lot

  15.换一些钱change some money

  16.仅仅……是不够的it’s not enough to just ...

  17.如何做某事how to do sth

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:连接代词和连接副词引导的宾语从句。

  1.由连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which等引导,不能省略。例如:

  Do you know who he is?

  2.由连接副词how, where, when, why引导, 也不可省略。例如:

  I don’t know where I can buy this kind of camera.

  3.宾语从句用陈述句语序,即:连接词+主语+谓语+其他。

  4.主句与从句的时态关系:

  (1)如果主句是一般现在时,从句可以是根据情况所需要的任何时态。例如:

  I don’t know when she came here. Can you tell me when he will come here?

  (2)如果主句是过去的时态,从句也应用过去时态的某一种。但若从句是表示客观事实或真理时,从句时态不受主句时态的限制,应用一般现在时。例如:

  He told us why he would stay at home the next day. The teacher explained how the earth goes around the sun.

  5.某些由连接代词或连接副词引导的宾语从句可改为含“特殊疑问词+动词不定式”结构的简单句。例如:

  Can you tell me where I can buy this book? → Can you tell me where to buy this book?

  Unit 4

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.时常;有时from time to time

  2.变红turn red

  3.开始;从事take up

  4.应对;处理deal with

  5.成功之路the road to success

  6.取得好成绩get good scores

  7.被众人所关注;吸引无数目光get tons of attention

  8.公开地;在别人面前in public

  9.亲身;亲自in person

  10.缺席be absent from

  11.为……感到自豪take pride in

  12.为……骄傲;感到自豪be proud of

  13.做决定make a decision

  14.很难相信……it’s hard to believe that...

  15.建议某人做某事advise sb to do sth

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:used to的用法。

  used to是一个固定结构,意为“过去经常;以前常常”,其后接动词原形。它表示过去存在某种状态或者过去的某种经常性、习惯性的行为或者动作。

  1.其用于肯定句的结构为:主语+ used to +动词原形+其他。如:

  I used to play ping-pong with my brother.过去我常常和我哥哥一起打乒乓球。

  2.其用于否定句的结构为:主语+ didn’t +use to+动词原形。如:

  You didn’t use to like action movies.你过去不喜欢动作片。

  3.其用于一般疑问句的结构为:Did +主 语+ use to+动词原形+其他?如:

  Did your sister use to be shy?你的妹妹过去害羞吗?

  【辨析】

  be used to (doing) sth意为“习惯于(做)某 事”,to后可接名词、代词或动名词。如:

  The students are used to the new teacher now.学生们现在习惯这个新老师了。

  They are used to raising their hands first when they want to ask questions.他们习惯了问问题前先举手。

  Unit 5

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.日常用品everyday things

  2.高科技产品high-technology products

  3.避免做某事avoid doing sth

  4.据我所知as far as I know

  5.用手工by hand

  6.因……而出名be known for

  7.由……制成be made of

  8.传统艺术形式traditional art form

  9.把……变成……turn... into

  10.被……覆盖be covered with

  11.剪纸paper cutting

  12.已经存在……have been around for...

  13.用剪刀剪cut with scissors

  14.把……张贴在窗户上put sth on windows

  15.上升到;升入rise into

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:一般现在时的被动语态。

  英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。

  ★一般现在时的被动语态表示现阶段经常性、习惯性的被动动作,由“主语+ am/is/are +及物动词的过去分词(+by+动 作执行者)”构成。例如:

  The yard is cleaned (by someone) every morning.院子每天早上都有人打扫。

  ★当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者,或不用指出动作的执行者,而需要强调动作的承受者时,就要用被动语态。例如:

  Mobile phones are mainly used to keep in touch with other people.手机主要被用来和其他人保持联系。

  ★一般现在时的被动语态的一般疑问句是将be提至句首;否定句是在be后加not。例如:

  Is Chinese spoken by many people?许多人说汉语吗?

  The little girl is not looked after by her mother.这个小女孩不是由她的妈妈照顾。

  ★主动句变被动句将主动句的宾语变为被动句的主语,将主动句的谓语变为被动结构(be+过去 分词),将主动句的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,若为主格应改为宾格。例如:

  He broke the cup.他打破了杯子。→ The cup was broken by him.杯子被他打破了。

  Unit 6

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.突然;猛地all of a sudden

  2.被用来做……be used for

  3.有道理have a point

  4.偶然;意外地by accident

  5.被广泛应用be used widely

  6.毫无疑问without doubt

  7.把……翻译成……translate...into...

  8.产生香味produce a nice smell

  9.人们认为……It is believed that...

  10. a great invention一项伟大的发明

  11.品茶taste the tea

  12.低价at a low price

  13.错误地;无意中by mistake

  14.奥林匹克运动会the Olympics

  15.职业运动员professional player

  16.钦佩;仰慕look up to

  17.篮球英雄basketball hero

  18.把……分成……divide... into..

  19.阻止……做……stop...from...

  20.个人电脑personal computer

  21.鼓励某人做某事encourage sb to do sth

  22.同时at the same time

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:一般过去时的被动语态。

  Unit 7

  ★重点单词、短语

  1. be allowed to do sth被允许做某事

  2. sixteen-year-olds16岁的青少年

  3. get one’s ears pierced穿耳洞

  4. cut one’s hair理发

  5. be excited about对……感到兴奋

  6. use a flash使用闪光灯

  7.talk back顶嘴

  8.regret doing sth后悔做某事

  9.make one’s own decision自己做决定

  10.keep ... away from避免接近;远离

  11.manage one’s own life管理自己的生活

  12.fail a test测验不及格

  13.be strict with对……要求严格

  14.get in the wayof挡……的路;妨碍

  15.worry about担心

  16.achieve one’s dream实现某人的理想

  17. think about考虑

  18. have nothing against sb / sth对某人/某物不反感

  19. end up as最终成为

  20. be serious about对……是认真的

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:含情态动词的被动语态。

  Unit 8

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.属于belong to

  2.玩具卡车toy truck

  3.在野餐的时候at the picnic

  4.发带hair band

  5.出席音乐会attend a concert

  6.任何贵重的东西anything valuable

  7.过去常常used to

  8.奇怪的噪声strange noises

  9.而不能too ... to太……

  10.感到不安的feel uneasy

  11.在实验室里in the laboratory

  12.感到瞌睡的feel sleepy

  13.追逐;追赶run after

  14.同时at the same time

  15.历史遗迹historical places

  16.不仅……而且……not only ... but also...

  17.和……交流communicate with ...

  18.指出point out

  19.医学目的medical purpose

  20.防止疾病prevent illness

  21.被用来……be used for ...

  22.纪念祖先honor ancestors

  23.庆祝胜利celebrate a victory

  24.很长一段时间a long period of time

  ★重点语法

  本单元语法重点:情态动词表示推测。

  Unit 9

  ★重点单词、短语

  1. sing along with伴随……唱歌

  2. dance to伴随……跳舞

  3. electronic music电子音乐

  4. smooth music悦耳的音乐

  5. in that case既然那样

  6. stick to坚持

  7.depend on由……决定

  8.cheer up振奋起来

  9.try one’s best尽某人最大的努力

  10.plenty of大量;充足

  11.shut off关闭;停止运转

  12.once in a while偶尔

  13. folk music民间音乐;民谣

  14. so ... that太……以至于

  15. look up查阅

  16. musical instruments乐器

  17.be known for以……而著名

  18.get married结婚

  19.during one’s lifetime在某人的一生中

  20.by the end of在(某时间点)以前

  21.in total总共

  22.national treasures国宝

  ★重点语法

  单元语法重点:定语从句。

  定语从句:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。定语从句可以分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。本单元主要学习由who、that、which引导的限制性定语从句。

  先行词:被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词称为先行词。

  关系代词:引导定语从句的关联词称为关系代词。关系代词在定语从句中有三个作用:(1)引导定语从句;(2)代替先行 词;(3)在定语从句中充当一个成分。who、that、which一般在定语从句中充当关系代词。

  【例句】

  1. She is the girl who / that wants to see you.

  2. The man wants to find a house that / which is in the center of the city.

  3. The story (that/which) he told me yesterday was interesting.

  4. The girl (who / that) I talked to a moment ago is my cousin.

  【总结】

  1.当先行词表示人时,引导定语从句的关系代词用that或who;当先行词表示物时,引导定语从句的关系代词用that或which。

  2.当关系代词在定语从句中充当主语时,关系代词不能省略;当关系代词在定语从句中充当宾语时,关系代词可以省略。

  Unit 10

  ★重点单词、短语

  1. shake hands握手

  2. welcome party欢迎会

  3. as soon as一……就……

  4. to one’s surprise令某人惊讶的是

  5. find out查明;弄清

  6. value the time珍惜那段时光

  7.drop by顺便进入;顺便拜访

  8.after all毕竟

  9.get mad大动肝火;气愤

  10.make an effort作出努力

  11.clean ... off把……擦掉

  12.take off脱下;起飞

  13.social situations社交场合

  14.worth the trouble值得麻烦

  15. empty bowls空碗

  16. point at指向

  17. make mistakes犯错

  18. go out of one’s way特地;格外努力

  19.make ... feel at home使(某人)感到宾至如归

  20.be comfortable doing做某事轻松自如

  21.cut up切碎

  22.get used to习惯于

  23.be excited about对……感到兴奋

  24.not ... anymore不再

  ★重点语法

  单元语法重点:be supposed to、be expected to和It is + adj. +动词不定式。

  一、be supposed to

  be supposed to意为“被期望或要求……”,其中to是动词不定式符号,其后要跟动词原 形,be有人称和时态的变化,其否定形式要在be后加not。

  当be supposed to的主语是“人”时,意为“应该……”,它可以用来表示劝告、建议、义务、责任等,相当于情态动词should,如例句1。

  当be supposed to的主语是“物”时,表示“本应;本该”,用于表示“某事本应该发生而没有发生”,如例句2。

  例句1. You are supposed to stop smoking.你应该停止吸烟。

  例句2. The new law is supposed to prevent crime.新法令本该起到预防犯罪的作用。

  二、be expected to

  be expected to意为“被期望……”,表示一种可能性。其中to是动词不定式符号,其后要跟动词原形,be有人称和时态的变化,其否定形式要在be后加not,如例句3。

  例句3. They are expected to finish the work today.预期他们今天会完成工作。

  三、It is + adj. +动词不定式

  “It is + adj. + (for sb +)动词不定式”意为“做某事(对某人来说)……”。动词不定式作主语时,常用it作形式主语,而将真正的主语放在 句末,如例句4。

  例句4. It is important for us to help each other.互相帮助对我们来说很重要。

  Unit 11

  ★重点单词、短语

  1. would rather宁愿

  2. drive sb mad使人发疯/发狂

  3.the more ... the more ...越……越……

  4.be friends with sb成为某人的朋友

  5.leave out忽略;不提及

  6.call in召来;叫来

  7.neither ... nor ...既不……也不……

  8. feel like doing sth想要做某事

  9. for no reason无缘无故地

  10.take one’s position代替某人的位置

  11. to start with起初;开始时

  12. learn from one’s mistakes吸取教训

  13. let ... down使失望

  14.kick sb off sth把某人从……中开除

  15. be hard on sbkick sb off sth对某人苛刻;对某人要求严厉

  16. rather than而不是

  17.pull together齐心协力;通力合作

  18. in agreement同意;一致

  ★重点语法单元语法重点:使役动词make用法小结。

  make作使役动词时,意为“使;让”。具体用法如下:

  1.make + sb / sth+形容词,意为“使某人或某物……”,其中形容词作宾语补足语。例如:

  Soft music makes me sleepy.轻柔的音乐让我想睡觉。

  What he said made the teacher very angry.他说的话让老师很生气。

  2.make + sb / sth+动词原形,意为“使某人或某物……”,此处的动词原形是省略to的动词不定式,也作宾语补足语。例如:

  That man made me think of my dear grandfather.那位老人让我想起了我亲爱的爷爷。

  Bad environment makes people want to leave the city.糟糕的环境让人们想离开城市。

  【拓展】

  使役动词make后跟省略to的动词不定式,变为被动语态时,须加上to。例如:

  The teacher made me repeat the story. → I was made to repeat the story by the teacher

  Unit 12

  ★重点单词、短语

  1. by the time...到……的时候

  2.give ... a lift捎某人一程

  3. in line with与……成一排

  4.stare at凝视;盯住

  5. in disbelief不相信地;怀疑地

  6. turn into变成

  7. full of充满

  8.go off发出响声

  9.show up赶到;露面

  10. by the end of到……末为止

  11.sell out卖光

  12. end up最终成为;最后处于

  13. play a trick on sb捉弄某人

  14.run out of用完;用尽

  ★重点语法单元语法重点:过去完成时。

  【例句】

  1. She had seen ten films by last Friday.到上周五为止,她已经看了十部电影了。

  2. By the end of last October, she had collected 400 stamps.到去年十月末,她已经收集了400枚邮票了。

  3. By the time my parents reached home yesterday, I had already cooked dinner.我父母昨天到家时,我已经做晚饭了。

  4. Before Rebecca came to China in 2014, she had taught English in Korea for two years.丽贝卡在2014年来中国之前,已经在韩国教了两年英语了。

  5. When we arrived at the cinema, the film had already begun.当我们到电影院的时候,电影已经开始了。

  【寻找“窍门”】通过上面的句子,发现了什么规律?快来总结一下吧!

  Unit 13

  ★重点单词、短语

  1.对……有害be harmful to

  2.在……顶部或顶端at the top of

  3.食物链the food chain

  4.参加take part in

  5.关掉turn off

  6.付费;付出代价pay for

  7.往河里扔垃圾throw litter into the river

  8.在……中起作用play a part in

  9.把……变成……turn... into...

  10.采取措施;行动起来take action

  11.对……产生影响或作用make a difference to

  12.扔掉;废弃throw away

  13.好好利用某物put sth to good use

  14.拆下;摧毁pull ... down

  15.恢复;使想起bring back

  16.有创意have a creative mind

  17.完全颠倒turn upside down

  18.不但……而且……not only ... but also...

  19.建立set up

  20.用……建造……build... out of...

  ★重点语法单元语法重点:总结现在进行时,现在完成时和被动语态小结。

  一、现在进行时

  表示现阶段或现在正在进行的动作。常与now,these days等时间状语连用。另外,句中有look,listen等词暗示时,常用现在进行时。

  现在进行时谓语构成:is / am / are +动词的现在分词。

  二、现在完成时

  表示过去已经发生或完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果;还可表示过去某一时间开始并一直持续到现在,也许还要持续下去的动作或状态。常与already,yet,before,so far,in the last three years,recently,“for +时间段”,“since+时间点”等连用。

  现在完成时构成:have / has +动词的过去分词。

  三、被动语态

  当没有或没必要指出动作的执行者或需要强调动作的承受者时,一般用被动语态。

  被动语态谓语构成:be +动词的过去分词。

  Unit 14

  ★重点单词、短语

  1. do a school survey做学校调查

  2. score two goals进两个球

  3.in a row连续几次地

  4. study medicine学医

  5.be patient with对……有耐心

  6. guide sb to do sth指导某人做某事

  7.put in more effort投入更多的努力

  8. look back at回顾;回忆

  9.prepare for为……做准备

  10.make a mess弄得一团糟

  11. keep one’s cool沉住气;保持冷静

  12. senior high (school)高中

  13. go by(时间)逝去;过去

  14. look forward to期待

  15.believe in信任;信赖

  16. first of all首先

  17.be thirsty for渴望;渴求

  18.be thankful to sb对某人心存感激

  19. ahead of在……前面

  20. along with连同;除……以外

  21.be responsible for对……有责任;负责任

  22. set out出发;启程

  23. separate from分离;隔开

  24.graduation ceremony毕业典礼

  ★重点语法单元语法重点:一般过去时、宾语从句和be going to。

  1.一般过去时

  He managed to get to the top of the Himalayas after trying several times.在尝试了几次之后,他设法到达了喜马拉雅山山顶。

  She borrowed some books from the library yesterday afternoon.她昨天下午从图书馆借了几本书。

  She went to Beijing last week.他上周去了北京。

  2.宾语从句

  I can’t remember where I first met her.我不记得我第一次见到她是在哪里。

  We haven’t decided if / whether we will buy a new table.我们还没决定是否买一张新桌子。

  The English teacher told us (that) we would have a test next week.英语老师告诉我们下周要进行考试。

  3. be going to

  He is going to write a letter tonight.他打算今晚写一封信。

  There is going to be a football game on Saturday afternoon.周六下午将有一场足球赛。

  Look at the black clouds. It’s going to rain.看那些乌云,快要下雨了。

无需登陆复制粘贴下载即可
喜欢 ()or分享